Step By Step Guide To Identify Your Skin Type

Step By Step Guide To Identify Your Skin Type


Posted by: Hajar Nagdy
Category: Skin Care
Post Date: June 7, 2018

Having a skin care routine is very important to keep your skin clear, glowing, fresh and hydrated.

It keeps you protected from sun damage, acne, early wrinkles and blackheads.

Before having an effective skin care routine;

You should choose the most suitable products for your skin type.

No one wants to spend money on expensive skin products that are not suitable for his skin and may also cause skin damage.

So it is necessary to identify your skin type first before planning your skincare routine.

In this context,

We will provide you with some information about every skin type that will help in your skin type identification as well as some tips for treatment.

How to identify your skin type?

There are five types of skin which are; normal, dry, oily, combination and sensitive skin.

so, what decides my skin type,

There are many factors that play an important role in affecting your skin type like genes, aging, environment, hormonal changes and diet

Therefore, by reading the following points you will be able to determine which skin type you have.

Anyways, let us explore each skin type in details,

Normal Skin

This type of skin could be yours if,

  • Your pores are invisible.
  • If your skin doesn’t feel too dry or too oily.
  • You usually don’t suffer from acne breakouts or blemishes.

You should follow these tips if you have normal skin,

  • Use simple cleansers that don’t cause skin dryness
  • Apply soft moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated
  • Stay away from products that would make your skin feel greasy

Dry Skin

This type of skin could be yours if,

  • Dry patches, fine flakes or cracking
  • Early wrinkles and fine lines detected
  • Itching sensation, skin tightness and easily irritated.

As we mentioned,

There are many factors affecting the skin and cause skin dryness as follows;

  • Family history with dry skin

Which means that their sebaceous glands produce small amounts of natural oils.

  • Weather changes

Winter and low humidity make many people suffer from dry skin.

  • Aging

As skin grows old, the sebaceous glands lose its ability to produce adequate amounts of natural oils.

  • Hormonal changes

People suffer from hypothyroidism and postmenopausal women may develop dry skin.  

  • Skin disorders

Dry skin maybe a symptom of certain skin conditions like eczema, dermatitis and psoriasis.

You should follow these tips if you have dry skin,

  • Use emollients like cocoa butter that prevent water loss from skin or humectants like glycerin that draw water into the skin.
  • Use cleansers that contain moisturizing agents like milky cleansers which keep moist into your skin and apply moisturizer right after washing your face.
  • Avoid wearing harsh fabrics, showering with hot water and prolonged sun exposure.
  • Avoid using products that contain preservatives, fragrance or alcohol that may irritate your skin

Oily Skin

This type of skin could be yours if,

  • Shiny, greasy face.
  • Visible pores.
  • Prone to acne breakouts and blemishes.

Yes, I’ve this type but why?

  • Genes and hormonal changes drive the sebaceous glands to overproduce natural oils that come up to the surface of skin and make it looks shiny and greasy, overproduction of oil causes clogging of pores which result in acne and blackheads.

How to treat oily skin ?

  • Use oil-free cleansers, toners and light soft moisturizers.
  • Regular gentle exfoliation to remove excess oils, prevent accumulation of dead skin and formation of blackheads.
  • Apply face mask once a week.
  • Use blotting sheets to remove excess oils during your day.

Having an oily skin may make you annoyed about having shiny, greasy face with frequent acne breakouts but the good thing is that oily skin doesn’t get old early, wrinkles and fine lines would take time to appear on your face.

Combination Skin

It is the most common skin type. Most people who have combination skin think that they have an oily skin instead.

This type of skin could be yours if,

  • Dry and flaky patches or normal skin on some parts of the face with excessive oils on other parts that is called (T-zone). T-zone includes the forehead, nose and chin.
  • Visible pores in the T-zone.
  • T-zone is prone to acne breakouts and blackheads.

So, How can I deal with this type of skin;

  • Once you have a combination skin you should use two different products on your skin: an oil free cleanser and soft moisturizer for the T-zone and another lighter cleanser and heavy moisturizer for other face parts.
  • Use an alcohol free toner that will clean your pores and prevent accumulation of dirt.
  • Gentle exfoliation once a week to get rid of dead skin.
  • Keep sure that you use fragrance and preservative free products to prevent irritation of your dry parts

Senstive Skin

Sensitive skin has features of any other skin types but easily develops skin reactions like redness and irritation. It doesn’t compliance with most of the skin care products.

This type of skin could be yours if,

  • Tends to flushing and blushing.
  • Easily irritated and inflamed.
  • Allergic reactions to many products.
  • Susceptible to sunburns.
  • Affected easily by environmental changes.

Yes, what are the causes?

  • Harsh products or detergents.
  • Environmental changes.
  • Skin disorders (Eczema, rosacea ,psoriasis, dermatitis, etc..).

How to treat sensitive skin ?

  • Avoid products that trigger skin reactions and allergies.
  • Apply sunscreen before being exposed to sun to avoid burns.
  • Keep your skin moisturized to avoid dryness.
  • Use gentle fragrance and preservative free cleansers and detergents.
  • Consult a dermatologist if your skin developed certain allergic reaction.
  • Before using a new skin care product test it on a small area of your skin first.
  • Avoid harsh exfoliation, hot water during showers and itchy fabrics.

At the bottom line,

After identifying your skin type you should put a skin care routine plan and choose the most suitable products for your skin type to get the best treatment for your skin. And if you still cannot figure out your skin type, you can consult a dermatologist.

Finally, “Glamour is about feeling good in your own skin” By Zoe Saldana

Whatever your skin type is, you should accept it, enjoy its pros and deal with its cons by treating your skin well to keep it under control… and tell us what is your skin type?

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